Date of Award

12-2013

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Anthropology

First Advisor

Sarah W. Neusius, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Phillip Neusius, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Michael D. Wiant, Ph.D.

Abstract

Faunal analysis is an increasingly utilized archaeological tool. Here, it is applied to a sample of the terminal Early Archaic Horizon Eleven faunal assemblage from the Koster site (11GE4) to determine subsistence strategies, settlement patterns, and challenge previous theories. This study includes previously un-analyzed flotation samples providing a more complete faunal analysis than previously done. This study concludes that the inclusion of flotation samples is an integral part of a faunal analysis, changing the assemblage composition significantly. It also supports the conclusion of a generalized to specialized strategy shift, and suggests that there was a greater and more matured aquatic use than expected. Attempts to determine seasons of occupation (in conjunction with the presence of heavy, immobile artifacts) suggest longer term occupations and the possibility that Koster represents a link between the mobile Early Archaic groups and the shift to sedentism in the Middle Archaic.

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