Date of Award
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
Anson Long, Ph.D.
Derek Hatfield, Ph.D.
Laurie Roehrich, Ph.D.
Exposure to media portraying objectifying images of male and female models has been shown to have a negative impact on body satisfaction for both men and women. This has been shown to be true for multiple forms of media such as print advertisements and television commercials. To combat this negative impact, Slater, Tiggemann, Firth, and Hawkins (2012) explored the effectiveness of adding a warning label to fake fashion spreads featuring objectifying images of female models. They demonstrated that this addition buffered against the typical negative effects and even improved body satisfaction for participants in the warning label conditions.
Thus, the purpose of this study was to replicate these results using a video format rather than print. It also sought to extend these findings to men, as Slater et al.’s study only included women. Results did not support the assertion that adding a warning message prior to exposure to objectifying media would buffer against this type of content’s negative impact on body satisfaction. Interestingly, participants in this study did not experience the typical decrease in body satisfaction following exposure to objectifying media. Possible explanations for the results, future directions, and limitations are also discussed.
Wagaman, Audra L., "Reducing the Impact of Negative Media Messages on College Students’ Body Satisfaction: Examining the Effectiveness of a Warning Message" (2016). Theses and Dissertations. 1378.