Date of Award

6-27-2011

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Maureen C McHugh, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Laurie Roehrich, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Eric W. Rosenberger, Ph.D.

Abstract

Exposure to objectified images of males and females has been found to have a negative effect on body esteem, self-esteem, and psychological health of men and women. Few studies have investigated the effects of exposure to objectified images on male sexual esteem. Ninety male college students participated in the current study, which examined the effects of exposure to objectified images of males and females on male sexual esteem and self-esteem. This study considered the constructs of gender role conflict and level of conformity to masculine norms as covariates that could exacerbate the negative effects of exposure to objectified images. Finally, the relationship between gender role conflict and adherence to masculine norms was investigated. Based on the results of a multivariate analysis of variance, exposure to objectified images of males and females did not negatively affect the self-esteem and sexual esteem of participants. Furthermore, a positive relationship was found to exist between gender role conflict and conformity to masculine norms. Future research is necessary in order to better understand the effects of prolonged exposure to objectified images, which may increase the external and ecological validity of future studies.

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