Sylvester Garrett (December 15, 1911-January 11, 1996) played a prominent role throughout the entire post-Wagner Act period of labor relations in the United States. From 1951 to 1979, he was the chairman of the Iron Ore Industry Board of Arbitration that oversaw labor relations between U.S. Steel Corporation and the United Steelworkers of America.
Sylvester Garrett was a law professor and pioneer labor mediator, who helped shape the landscape of industrial relations in the United States. During World War II, President Roosevelt named Garrett as the chair of the Regional War Labor Board. He was the chief arbitrator between the United Steelworkers of America (USWA) and the nation’s steel producers for 28 years. He served as an arbitrator for labor disputes from 1950 to 1995, but it was during his tenure in the steel industry, from 1951 to 1979, that marked the height of his influence on labor policy.
The Sylvester Garrett Collection dates from 1936-1996, and it contains correspondence, labor arbitration case files, bound arbitration decisions, scrapbooks, photographs, and lecture notes. After teaching at IUP, Sylvester Garrett was encouraged to donate his arbitration papers to the IUP Libraries as part of the Labor Arbitration Archives, which also includes the papers of Eli Rock (Manuscript Group 126), Myron Joseph (Manuscript Group 100), Gabriel Alexander (Manuscript Group 61), and Donald McPherson Manuscript Group 49: Sylvester Garrett Collection 3 (Manuscript Group 166).