Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)



First Advisor

Donald U. Robertson, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Laura A. Knight, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Margaret C. Reardon, Ph.D.


This quasi experimental design study compares scores of 742 male police academy applicants on the MMIP-2 and the NEO-PI-R, in effort to examine current interpretations for low scores on the MMPI-2 and suggest new interpretations. The results from the multivariate analyses of variance showed that results differed based on MMPI-2 clinical scales. Except for scale 5 (Masculinity/Femininity) and scale 0 (Social Introversion), low MMPI-2 scores were associated with higher Neuroticism score and Lower scores on Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness. This generally suggests that low scores are not indicative of greater adjustment as has been suggested by other authors. Additional analysis focused on planned comparisons of MMPI-2 clinical scales and predicted direction of scores on the NEO-PI-R. Of 61 predictions made based on the literature and interpretive manuals, 27 (44%) predictions were confirmed.