Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

R. Scott Moore, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Steven Schroeder, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Werner Lippert, Ph.D.


The English longbow was the driving force tactical change during the Hundred Years War. The English army was introduced to the longbow by the Welsh and the weapon was used during the Scottish Wars of Independence where the English were exposed to new methods of strategy. The English did not adopt the use of the longbow on a large scale until the reign of Edward III. The longbow, in combination with men at arms, transformed the manner in which medieval warfare was conducted. This encouraged what is now known by historians as the "infantry revolution." The longbow was extremely effective and was considered by contemporary historians to be a deadly weapon. The introduction of plate armor caused some problems with arrow penetration which as a result diminished the lethality of the longbow, but it still continued to be a highly effective weapon.