Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Special Education and Clinical Services

First Advisor

Lisa Hammett Price, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

Second Advisor

David W. Stein, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

Third Advisor

Jill L. Brady, Ph.D., CCC-SLP


The current research examined how young children identify pictures of emotions and whether two types of visual cues help to increase accuracy and/or rate of response. There is inconsistent evidence supporting the use of these visual cues to facilitate communication with augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices. Forty-four typically developing children, ages four to six years, participated in two studies to examine the effect of cueing techniques on accuracy and rate of response of emotion icon identification. In Study 1, accuracy and latency were compared under four different cueing conditions: (a) no cues condition; (b) color cue condition; (c) spatial cue condition; and (d) combined color and spatial cue condition. In Study 2, participants were randomly assigned to one of four teaching groups: (a) use of color cues; (b) use of spatial cues; and (c) use of the combined color and spatial cues; (d) use of unrelated icons/ control group.