Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Timothy Austin, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Jennifer L. Gossett, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

John A. Lewis, Ph.D.


Using ethnographic strategies, this thesis explored how women adapted to stress in Alexandria, Egypt after the rise of the Arab Spring in 2011. The Arab Spring has several times resulted in changes of political regime at the national level which affected the lifestyles and daily routine life of women. There were changes in goals, dreams and aspirations of young women. Some viewed sociopolitical changes as opportunity for a better future while others concluded that the only way to achieve their desired goals was to travel abroad, mainly to neighboring gulf countries or the United States. How changes in the lives of selected Alexandrian women help to clarify several theoretical ideas in criminology are addressed. Because very little research appears to have addressed how Egyptian women have adapted to stress associated with the Arab Spring makes this thesis unique.