Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Benjamin Ford, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Phillip Neusius, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Edward Muller, Ph.D.


The study of mortuary art has become an increasingly important component of archaeological and anthropological study. A significant amount of research has been compiled from the study of cemeteries and grave-markers over the last few decades, yet Pittsburgh has been largely left out of these comprehensive studies. This research presents the results of a survey of cemeteries and grave-markers in the Pittsburgh region. The primary focus of this research was to track changes in grave-markers through time and space and to link these changes with historical events and cultural trends. Changes in grave-markers in the Pittsburgh area can be seen in response to worldwide events such as "monument" building, war, and economic depression, as well as localized issues such as the booming steel industry and the immigrants that accompanied industrial growth. Increased communication levels between Pittsburgh and the rural areas surrounding Pittsburgh are evident as transportation and technology improve.