Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

John A. Anderson, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

J. Beth Mabry, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Valerie J. Gunter, Ph.D.

Fourth Advisor

Robert B. Heasley, Ph.D.

Fifth Advisor

Janice L. Holmes, Ph.D.


This study explores employees’ awareness and practice of HTN management concepts in order to encourage assessment for tailored interventions and add to the existing body of knowledge on which wellness program designers rely. Hypertensive employees can benefit from workplace wellness programs designed to help control high blood pressure. A dearth of research exists on the extent to which past history and other facets predict employees’ likelihood of being at a high stage of regular physical activity, an important component of HTN management. This study formulates a conceptual framework that addresses the development of tailored interventions. A quantitative methodology involving a cross-sectional design was used to explore the likelihood of employees being at a high stage of physical activity and experiencing related barriers to HTN management. A total of 181 employees from a community hospital were included in the final sample. Findings from the study indicate that self-efficacy and type of past experience were statistically significant in predicting a high stage of physical activity. Additional findings demonstrate that self-awareness of HTN, level of education, and past experience of being physically active significantly affect an individual’s HTN management knowledge level.