Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Criminology and Criminal Justice
David L. Myers, Ph.D.
Dennis M. Geiver, Ph.D.
Daniel R. Lee, Ph.D.
Shannon Phaneuf, Ph.D.
This study utilizes multiple waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth
(1979) to examine Hagan’s original Power-Control Theory (1985) employing structural equation modeling. The research sought to examine gender differences in offending, as well as other concepts contained within Power-Control Theory, such as parenting.
Results of the study showed mixed support for the theory. Power-Control Theory does produce convincing evidence of the importance of maternal control, particularly for daughters. Key findings also included gender differences in patriarchal attitudes as well as risk preferences. These findings suggest the role of females in changing, although it may not be becoming similar to the role of males. Policy implications include the importance of parenting programs to decrease delinquency and later criminal activity.
More programs such incorporate gender differences in the impact of parenting, particularly by mothers. The study concludes with further discussion of the implications of this research and the policy implications.
Kirchner, EmmaLeigh E., "Do Gender Stereotypes Keep Girls Away From Crime? A Structural Equation Modeling Approach to Power-Control Theory" (2016). Theses and Dissertations (All). 1425.