Date of Award

Fall 12-2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Criminology and Criminal Justice

First Advisor

David L. Myers, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Dennis M. Geiver, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Daniel R. Lee, Ph.D.

Fourth Advisor

Shannon Phaneuf, Ph.D.


This study utilizes multiple waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth

(1979) to examine Hagan’s original Power-Control Theory (1985) employing structural equation modeling. The research sought to examine gender differences in offending, as well as other concepts contained within Power-Control Theory, such as parenting.

Results of the study showed mixed support for the theory. Power-Control Theory does produce convincing evidence of the importance of maternal control, particularly for daughters. Key findings also included gender differences in patriarchal attitudes as well as risk preferences. These findings suggest the role of females in changing, although it may not be becoming similar to the role of males. Policy implications include the importance of parenting programs to decrease delinquency and later criminal activity.

More programs such incorporate gender differences in the impact of parenting, particularly by mothers. The study concludes with further discussion of the implications of this research and the policy implications.

Included in

Criminology Commons