Date of Award

Fall 12-2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ded)


Professional Studies in Education

First Advisor

David Piper, D.Ed.

Second Advisor

Kelli Paquette, Ed.D.

Third Advisor

Mark Twiest, Ph.D.


This descriptive study investigates the relationships between athletic training students’ perceptions of their undergraduate program director’s leadership behaviors (model, inspire, challenge, enable, and encourage) and overall athletic training program success (measured by the Board of Certification examination performance specifically program first-attempt pass rates). The study attempts to recognize relationships and define specific leadership behaviors of program directors within their educational programs using a 360-feedback assessment. Data from 86 participants were collected using a 30-item assessment that allows participants the ability to subjectively and objectively report the frequency of an individual’s leadership behaviors. Findings from this study show a statistically significant influence between athletic training student perceptions of their program director demonstrating all 5 leadership practices (model, inspire, challenge, enable, and encourage) and satisfactory BOC exam pass rates, as analyzed by a Pearson Correlation Coefficient, and statistically significant influences between all 5 leadership practices and gender, as measured by an Independent Samples t test. Findings also show leadership practice model was significantly predictive of athletic training student first attempt pass rates, as analyzed by a Stepwise Linear Regression. A one-way ANOVA found statistically significant associations between athletic training students’ perceptions of their program directors’ leadership behaviors and NCAA Division-I institution. Students from a NCAA Division-I institution reported significantly higher program director leadership practices scores.