Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Jeffrey L. Larkin, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Josiah H. Townsend, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Joseph E. Duchamp, Ph.D.


Ecological knowledge of biodiversity is the foundation to a successful application of conservation strategies and opportunities in ecosystems that sustain human livelihood. The Tropical Dry Forest of the Agalta Valley provides a setting for cattle farming and sustains the communities with ecosystem services (e.g. provision of tree species used for domestic purposes), while sustaining unique biodiversity such as the endemic Honduran Emerald hummingbird. My study elucidated ecological attributes of the species population in Agalta Valley in 35 dry forest remnants surveyed during 2014-2015. Honduran Emeralds used Tropical Dry Forest remnants year-round and its abundance was most affected by shrub density and cacti structural diversity. The results of my study indicated that the core of the Agalta Valley, encompassed by ca. 900 ha, possesses the most suitable areas for the species distribution. My findings contribute to the ecological knowledge of the species and inform conservation partners on priority actions.