Date of Award

Spring 5-2018

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Benjamin Ford, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

William Chadwick, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Angela Jailed-Wentling, M.A.


African Diaspora archaeology is one of the most impactful means by which archaeologists supplement our current understanding of the past. Not only does this subfield have the potential to benefit descendant and local communities, but it also enables professionals to fill in the gaps left by the systematic disenfranchisement and intentional illiteracy of an entire group of people. One site with the potential to enhance our understanding of the African Diaspora is Pandenarium (36ME253), a freed African American settlement in Mercer County, Pennsylvania. This research compares ceramics found at the John and Rosie Allen Residence at Pandenarium with those from a nearby European American sites, other freed African American sites, and slave quarters at plantation sites. The goal of this study is to determine the socio-economic status of individuals living at Pandenarium, along with their participation in local and regional markets. By analyzing and comparing the ceramics recovered from the 2017 field investigations at the John and Rosie Allen Residence to those found at other demographically, geographically, and historically similar archaeological sites, it was determined that the Allen's shared the highest level of association with ceramics found from Mulberry Row Structure 2 at Monticello. These results challenge the assumption that upon receiving their freedom, African Americans tried to distance themselves from the environment of slavery by drastically changing their material surroundings.