Adam Naugle

Date of Award

Summer 8-2018

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Kinesiology, Health, and Sport Science

First Advisor

Kristi L. Storti, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Madeline P. Bayles, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Robert E. Alman, D.Ed.


PURPOSE: Evaluate the impact of core strength, endurance, flexibility, body composition, and physical activity on the reported prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in college-aged individuals.

METHODS: Twenty-six subjects (11 males;15 females) between 18-25 years old volunteered to participate. Subjects completed all necessary paperwork and questionnaires before being familiarized with the protocol during the orientation session. During the exercise session, all the objective data was collected as the subject’s core strength, endurance and flexibility were assessed using established protocols. Several physiological measurements were recorded during both sessions. The results of the questionnaires determined the subjects LBP categorization.

RESULTS: A t-test revealed a significant body fat percentage (%) difference between females with Little/No LBP and Moderate LBP (p = 0.029) as assessed by the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ). Significant correlations existed between body fat % and core strength (p = 0.016) and between body fat % and core endurance (p = 0.001). Significant correlations existed between core strength and endurance (p = 0.000) and between core strength and flexibility (p= 0.004). The RMDQ and the Revised Oswestry Disability Questionnaire were significantly correlated (p = 0.001).

CONCLUSION: College-aged females with Little/No LBP will likely display a lower body fat % compared to females with Moderate LBP. As body fat % increases core strength decreases or the inverse. As body fat % increases core endurance decreases or the inverse. As core strength increases core endurance increases or the inverse. As core strength increases flexibility increases or the inverse.