Kelly Anthony

Date of Award

Summer 8-2018

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Kinesiology, Health, and Sport Science

First Advisor

Richard Hsiao, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Pao Ying Hsiao, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Lou Pesci, Ed.D.


While it has been well-established that participating in regular exercise has many health benefits, including stress relief and decreasing risk of cancer and heart disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), only 20.6% of adults are actually exercising the recommended 150 minutes per week. Clearly, having all the information on the numerous benefits of regular exercise readily available to the general public does not serve as sufficient enough motivation to increase the number of people who exercise. Motivation is a critical component to sustained participation in exercise. Increasing research has been done to explore reasons why individuals are motivated to exercise. More recently, a noncognitive trait, grit, defined as the perseverance and passion for long-term goals, has also been explored for its role in exercise. A woman by the name of Angela Duckworth has focused her life’s work on defining and expanding the concept of “grit.” Grit is a psychological trait used to measure a person’s passion for a particular long-term goal or end state. Grit entails working strenuously toward challenges, and maintain effort and interest over years despite failures, adversity and plateaus in progress (Duckworth, 2007). Literature reveals that an individuals grit level may vary depending on a number of different factors, like age, gender and education level.