Date of Award

8-2019

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Anthropology

First Advisor

Lara Homsey-Messer

Second Advisor

Andrea Palmiotto

Third Advisor

Sarah McClure

Fourth Advisor

Sarah Neusius

Fifth Advisor

William C. Johnson

Abstract

The Kirshner site (36WM213) is a multi-component site in South Huntington Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania that contains two Middle Monongahela villages. The site is situated on the historic Glades Path, that follows an earlier Indian path that generally traces the drainage divide between of Sewickley Creek and the Youghiogheny River. To expand on the little information that is known about Kirshner, I conducted a zooarchaeological analysis of a sample of faunal remains from this region. The Kirshner results were compared to those conducted at the Johnston site (36IN2) by faculty and students at the Indiana University of Pennsylvania (IUP), and the Hatfield site (36WH678) by the Allegheny Chapter of the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology (SPA) and IUP students. This research demonstrates the social complexity of the people from the Middle Monongahela period. The following research was based on a sample of unstudied and previously studied faunal remains that were recovered by Jay Babich, avocational archaeologists from the Westmoreland Chapter of the SPA, and professional archaeologists from the University of Pittsburgh (Pitt) and Michael Baker, Inc. from 1981-2006. This involved identifying, analyzing, and making calculations regarding taxonomy, NSP, NISP, MNI, cultural and natural modifications, burning, butchering, completeness, skeletal element, diversity, ubiquity, and the Jaccard and Sorenson indices. The examination was conducted to assess the distribution of faunal remains across the features of the site and determine the relationship between the Monongahela people and their environment.

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