Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Maureen C. McHugh

Second Advisor

Beverly J. Goodwin

Third Advisor

Pearl Berman


Shame is a universal experience, in which one feels painfully exposed as defective. While the shame research has steadily increased, the experience of shame in supervision has been largely ignored in the self-conscious affect research. Shame research has primarily focused on the differentiation of shame and guilt, and the negative outcomes associated with shame-proneness. This study examined the experience of shame in supervision experience and explored the mediating roles of social support and self-compassion on the proneness and experience of shame. Furthermore, this study used a gender framework to explore potential gender differences in the shame process. This mixed methods study found moderate rates of shame occurring in supervision and revealed the feedback process as a potential trigger for shame. Furthermore, shame-proneness was found to predict self-compassion, social support and the experience of shame.