Tara Kibe

Date of Award

Summer 8-2019

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Kinesiology, Health, and Sport Science

First Advisor

Richard Hsiao

Second Advisor

Pao Ying Hsiao

Third Advisor

Yongtao Cao


This study investigates the risk of eating disorder among female college athletes versus female non-athletes and the influence of social media usage. Participants were randomly selected from Indiana University of Pennsylvania (IUP) as well as from the 10 female athletic teams at IUP. This study used demographics, the Eating Attitudes Test 26 (EAT-26), and a social media usage questionnaire to examine the relationship of eating disorder risk and social media usage with athlete status.

Previous research on this topic found mixed results when comparing female athletes and female non-athletes. However, Kirk, Singh, and Getz (2012) found that the female non-athlete group scored significantly higher on the EAT-26 than the female athlete group, scoring at a 20 or above, meaning more likely to be at risk for an eating disorder.

Participants in this study who were reported to be at risk for an eating disorder were mostly part of the female non-athlete group, finding significance in this study. There was also a relationship between age and social media usage among the two groups.