Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Political Science

First Advisor

Rachel Sternfeld

Second Advisor

Sarah Wheeler

Third Advisor

David Chambers


The history of indigenous communities in Canada and the United States was marked with conquest, assimilation efforts via boarding schools, separation of children from parents, cultural genocide, doctrines of self-determination and the establishment of land reservations has resulted in a policy and jurisdictional void. This void and lack of accountability in the criminal justice system in both countries has resulted in the kidnapping, assault, and murder of indigenous women. The most effective solutions are the collaborative efforts between the tribal, state, provincial and federal government along with outreach and nonprofit groups to assist, protect and prevent.