Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ded)


Professional Studies in Education

First Advisor

Kelli Jo Kerry-Moran, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

George Bieger, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Crystal Machado, Ed.D.


It was the intended purpose for this research to explore, using the National Survey of Student Engagement, (NSSE), whether or not 1:1 initiatives have an effect on engagement of university first year students. The findings support previous research demonstrating increased student engagement in a technology-rich environment. Another noteworthy finding proved to be the significant difference of male respondents reporting increased engagement, in comparison with female respondents within the same dataset. The results of examining the third independent variable, status as a first-generation college student, may have yielded the most significant findings in that there was no significant difference in engagement between this at-risk student population and their continuing-generation peers when measured in a 1:1 environment. Although the examination of gender and status as a first-generation college student did not yield any causal correlations, findings may aid university administrators in their purchasing decisions surrounding future investments in classroom technology and also guide pedagogical practices and instructional methodologies geared toward engaging students in classroom activities.