Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Mary Jane Kuffner Hirt, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

David D. Chambers, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Dighton M. Fiddner, Ph.D.


This study was designed to identify the key leadership factors, characteristics, and qualities that the United States Army Reserve (USAR) General Officer Corps believes are the most critical to success. The Generals highlighted what they believed are the most important leadership skills including communication, the empowerment of their staff, networking, and the ability to listen - for all soldiers, and also identified those that were most critical to their career ascension. Hard work and exceeding expectations in all areas is a common thread among these high achievers. This unique project used a mixed methods research design that surveyed 100% of all Reserve General Officers (121 total at the time), and included comprehensive follow-up interviews with fifteen participants. The survey also included the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) to help determine the Generals' tendency for transformational, transactional, and other leadership styles. This rich quantitative and qualitative study provided for a greater understanding of the leadership characteristics General Officers view as leading to their success, and is of benefit to all soldiers wanting to learn from the Army Reserves' most senior leaders. The results of this study will be published in the author's dissertation titled, "An Examination of the Leadership Styles of United States Army Reserve General Officers."