Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Nursing and Allied Health Professions

First Advisor

Kristy Chunta, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Teresa Shellenbarger, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Theresa Gropelli, Ph.D.

Fourth Advisor

Cynthia Clark, Ph.D.


Incivility, defined as rude or disruptive behaviors which often result in psychological or physiological distress for the people involved, has emerged as an increasing problem in the classroom, clinical arena, and distance education setting within nursing programs. Incivility can be perpetrated by both students and faculty within the academic environment. The study explored differences in students' perceptions of student and faculty incivility across the various nursing program types to determine whether program type (diploma, associate or baccalaureate) impacts the student's perceptions of incivility. An additional purpose of the study included the examination of the relationship between the students' age and their perceptions of student and faculty incivility. A cross-sectional mixed-method approach was used to explore the phenomenon of incivility. The study used the Incivility in Nursing Education (INE) survey developed by Clark in 2004. A convenience sample from nursing programs in Pennsylvania was used. The sample included full time pre-licensure students within nursing education programs (diploma, associate, and baccalaureate) in Pennsylvania. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's Product Moment Correlation, and Analysis of Variance were conducted to examine the research variables. The study revealed statistically significant differences regarding student perceptions of faculty incivility among the nursing program types (p=.019). The study also reported a statistically significant relationship between the age of the participant and perceptions of faculty incivility and a small negative correlation (p=.0.12, r=-.17) suggesting the younger the age of the student the higher the student rated faculty incivility. These study findings provide a better understanding of student perceptions of student and faculty incivility. This information may be used by students, faculty, and administrators to co-create a culture of civility in nursing education. Findings may be used to develop strategies to prevent, address, and manage incivility in nursing education. These findings also suggest a need for further research in this area.