Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)



First Advisor

Margaret C. Reardon, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Beverly J. Goodwin, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Robert B. Heasley, Ph.D.


This survey research study assesses the current state of doctoral psychology training in psychotherapy with clients who identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB). The study also seeks to evaluate the degree of familiarity faculty, trainees and experts on LGB psychotherapy have with the most-cited literature (MCL) on the topic of psychotherapy with LGB clients. Trainees and faculty from counseling Ph.D., counseling Psy.D., clinical Ph.D., and clinical Psy.D. training programs as well as experts on LGB psychotherapy were sent a survey requesting their familiarity with and rating of importance of the MCL on psychotherapy with LGB clients. The trainees were also asked about their training experiences, using the Survey of Training Experiences (STE) (Phillips & Fischer, 1998). Surprisingly, the experts on LGB psychotherapy were either not familiar with items on the MCL, or rated items as being unimportant to training. Faculty and trainees were also unfamiliar with items on the MCL. Trainees reported being significantly more confident in their preparedness to work with LGB clients as compared to the trainees surveyed in 1995 by Phillips and Fischer (1998). Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.