Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Christopher Orchard, D.Phil.

Second Advisor

Kenneth Sherwood, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Thomas Slater, Ph.D.


This dissertation illustrates the evolution of surveillance theory as well as the social and political implications that have emerged as a result of continual developments in digital technology through the analysis of fiction and film. Moving forward from the foundation of surveillance studies that Foucault established, this dissertation traces the Foucauldian concepts of panopticism, their application to literature and film, as well as the evolution of these theories in a modern context. In addition, the dissertation will define post-Foucauldian surveillance and offer projections as to how these developments will continue to evolve and affect society. Currently, there is a void in scholastic research concerning the application of post- Foucauldian theory in regards to contemporary digital technologies that permeate the physical and virtual spaces that we occupy. As a result, this dissertation will demonstrate the evolution of the post-Foucauldian model, one that is the most appropriate articulation of twentieth and twenty-first century literary representations.