Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Communications Media

First Advisor

James S. Lenze, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Jay Start, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Nurhaya Muchtar, Ph.D.


The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that influence administrators in three rural Pennsylvania school districts to continue using a Moodle learning management system (LMS) and discover teacher perceptions and other factors that affect the use of Moodle in these school districts. Using a mixed explanatory design, the researcher determined that teachers’ opinions on why a school district subscribes to an LMS or how successful a school district is in meeting its goals for using an LMS had no effect on their level of LMS use. Also, the teachers’ level of LMS use was not affected by encouragement from other teachers or school district administrators. However, it was discovered that perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use were factors that affected the teachers’ level of LMS use. Administrators from each participating school district indicated a unique factor that prompted them to continue using Moodle. These factors were: (a) the continued need to facilitate elective courses for one district’s cyberschool program, (b) the gaining popularity of Moodle due to teachers becoming more familiar with it, and (c) the need for increased collaboration among faculty within one district’s teacher induction program.