Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Nursing and Allied Health Professions

First Advisor

Teresa Shellenberger, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Christoph Maier, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Nashat Zuraikat, Ph.D.


Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 ensured gender equity in education. Although gender equity is an established concept in the medical and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields, the concept has limited exposure in nursing. This study investigates student perceptions of gender equity in nursing education. The Gender Equity in Nursing Education Questionnaire (GENEQ), developed by the researcher, was used to explore perceived gender equity in the nursing classroom setting and the clinical environment as well as the perceived impact of gender equity on the nursing education experience. The GENEQ was developed from the nursing literature on barriers faced by male nursing students. An expert review panel provided content validity and a pilot study indicated reliability of the tool. A quantitative, cross-sectional survey methodology was used for this investigation guided by feminist theory. A convenience sample included senior baccalaureate nursing students at multiple nursing education programs.